Burnout Syndrome and its Peculiarities in Health Workers

ABSTRACT SL7-2

SERGEY IGUMNOV
Belarusian State Pedagogical University named after M. Tank, Clinical and Counseling Psychology, Minsk, Belarus

VALENTINA SOLODUKHO
Belarusian State Pedagogical University named after M. Tank, Clinical and Counseling Psychology, Minsk, Belarus

ABSTRACT DESCRIPTION

The goal of this research is to study the influence of coping behavior models on the manifestation of burnout syndrome (BS) in health workers.

Materials and methods: The study has involved 150 health workers – the staff of the Belarusian in-patient chest departments, 29 doctors and 121 nurse aged 21-60, work experience from 2 to 40 years. The mean age of respondents has been 38.7 years, the mean work experience – 18.3 years. The burnout syndrome has been studied by means of the technique for studying BS in health workers based on K. Maslach and S. Jackson’s model adapted by N. E. Vodopyanova. The coping behavior models have been studied by means of S. Hobfall’s SACS questionnaire adapted by N. E. Vodopyanova and E. S. Starchenkova.

Results and discussion: The results obtained by means of the technique for studying the burnout syndrome have enabled to define the values of three subscales (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, the reduction of personal achievements), evaluate the level of burnout according to each factor, and define the phases and degrees of burnout. It has been revealed that emotional burnout is somehow developed in 100 health workers, which is 66.7% of the sample.

Conclusions:

1. This is the first study in Belarus to investigate the specifics of determination of the burnout syndrome in the context of medical profession in the integrated manner and conceptually reveal it.

2. It has been found that most examined health workers have the BS to varying degrees.

3. The study has identified the peculiarities of the influence of coping behavior models on the BS development in health workers: passive and maladaptive models replace constructive models. They worsen the psycho-emotional state of health workers and make it difficult for them to achieve successful professional and social adaptation.

Key words: burnout syndrome, health workers, coping behavior models.