Nonsuicidal Self-Injury among Turkish Adolescents

FÜSUN ÇUHADAROĞLU

Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Turkey

AYŞE ZEKI

Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Turkey

ABSTRACT DESCRIPTION

Objectives: To examine the developmental and psychological characteristics of self injuring adolescents.

Methods: The study was designed cross-sectionally and approved by the IRB of Hacettepe University. In the first stage of the study 279 high school students were screened for NSSI. Those who responded positively (n=36) were compared to a group of healthy controls (n=42). All groups were evaluated for emotion regulation, self-esteem, coping styles, body attitudes, attachment patterns, state – trait anxiety. For K-SADS was used for psychiatric diagnosis. NSSI group was also given Ottawa Self Injury Inventory.

Results: NSSI group significantly excessed the control group by increased difficulty in emotion regulation, increased number of non-adaptive coping styles, low self-esteem and more diagnosis of GAD, ADHD, ODD.

Conclusions: NSSI group is differentiated from non-NSSI normal controls with some developmental and psychiatric characteristics. For clinical practice, it will be important to detect the NSSI behaviour among adolescents and develop programs for prevention.