SCMHE Project: Purpose and Methodology: The Role of Parental Attitudes on Children Mental Health

ABSTRACT SL1-1

VIVIANE KOVESS-MASFETY
EHESP EA 4057 Paris Descartes Fondation Deniker, Paris, France

ANDERS BOYD
Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique Universite Paris 6 Pierre Et Marie Curie, Paris, France

MAURO CARTA
Department of Public Health, Center of Liaison Psychiatry Cagliari University, Cagliari, Italy

ADINA BITFOI
The Romanian League for Mental Health, Bucharest, Romania

CEREN KOÇ
The Yeniden Health and Education Society, Istanbul, Turkey

DIETMAR GOELITZ
Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nurnberg, Erlangen, Germany

SIGITA LESINSKIENE
Vilnius University Medical Faculty Psychiatric Clinic, Vilnius, Lithuania

ZLATKA MIHOVA
New Bulgaria University, Sofia, Bulgaria

ROY OTTEN
Radboud University, Nijmegen, Gelderland, the Netherlands

MATHILDE HUSKY
Department of Psychology, University of Bordeaux, Talence, France

CHRISTINE CHAN-CHEE
EHESP EA 4057 Paris Descartes Fondation Deniker, Paris, France

ONDINE PEZ
Paris Descartes University, Ecole des Hautes Etudes de Santé Publique (EHESP), Paris, France

ABSTRACT DESCRIPTION

The School Children Mental Health in Europe (SCMHE) project aimed to build up a set of indicators to collect and monitor children’s mental health in an efficient and comparable methodology across the EU countries. It concerned primary schools children aged 6 to 11 years.

Three informants were used: parents, teachers and children. Instruments were selected according to the easiness to translate them: SDQ (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) for parents and teachers and DI (Dominic Interactive) a video type self administered instrument for children. In addition Parenting Scales were included measuring laxness, over-reactivity, verbosity, autonomy and care together with main parent’s socio-demographic variables, parental psychological distress (MH5) and child’ school achievements as evaluated by teachers. A two-step procedure was used: schools randomization then six children by class in each grade.

Information was available on 7,072 Children from six countries (Netherlands, Germany, Romania, Bulgaria, Lithuania, and Turkey) .The participation rate of the children with parents in the participating schools was about 66.4%; 4611 mothers did respond and kept for these analyses. Most of the social variables : mother education, profession, age, number of children , psychological distress , including country appurtenance are correlated to each of the five Parental attitudes; child’s gender is correlated to autonomy promoting and marital statute with low caring. Each attitude except verbosity is significantly correlated to the presence of any child diagnostic as predicted by SDQ proposed algorithm (R.Goodman). In a multivariate analysis mother psychological distress (OR=2.37), not being single child, being a boy (OR 2,63) , single parenthood (OR 1,66) predict any diagnostic together with overreacting which corresponds to harsh parenting (OR=1.86) and country differences mostly disappear.

Since some parental attitudes seem so much linked to child mental health, parenting support programs should be implemented in a culturally appropriate manner.