Possibilities of Music Therapy in ADHD Children Groups: Clinical Experience

ABSTRACT SL8-3

SIMONA SAVICKAITE
Karoliniskiu Polyclinic Mental Health Center, Vilnius, Lithuania
Vilnius University Medical Faculty, Vilnius, Lithuania
Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre, Vilnius, Lithuania

SIGITA LESINSKIENE
Vilnius University Medical Faculty Psychiatric Clinic, Vilnius, Lithuania

VILMANTE ALEKSIENE
Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre, Vilnius, Lithuania

VIRGINIJA KARALIENE
Karoliniskiu Polyclinic Mental Health Center, Vilnius,  Lithuania

ABSTRACT DESCRIPTION

Introduction: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood. ADHD symptoms cause negative impact on child’s learning and social skills. It is recommended to treat ADHD with a combination of medication and psychosocial and psychoeducational interventions.  Music therapy (MT) is one of the possibilities which can help children with ADHD to control impulsive behavior, increase self- adjustment and self-esteem. However, there is a lack in the MT literature about MT treatment for ADHD and specific methods used for this client group.

The purpose of this research was to create a MT program which meets the needs of primary school ADHD children groups and helps them to develop social and interpersonal skills.

Method: MT program was originally developed by the authors. The program is called „Friendship“ because of its focus on ADHD children‘s social skills improvement, interaction with other children and self- adjustment. 16 children aged 7 to 12 with ADHD were participating in MT program. They were divided into 3 groups (6, 6 and 4) and had 6 sessions of 50min. MT program is made of 6 sessions with different topics and aims: 1. „Introduction. What is friendship?“, 2. „Me and others“, 3. „A good friend“, 4. „Give and take“, 5. „Anger and rereconciliation“, 6. „Building trust in friendship“. Changes of symptoms (such as distraction, impulsive behavior, irritability, hyperactive behavior and avoidance of participation in activities) during MT sessions were evaluated.

Results: Changes of each child‘s distraction, impulsive behavior, irritability, hyperactive behavior and avoidance of participating in activities  during every MT session were evaluated. Results of the research indicated positive tendencies of change in ADHD children’s behavior.

Conclusion: Music therapy program is suitable for ADHD children group and can help to develop positive behavior and communicational changes and be valuable part of the complex outpatient treatment progam.