Domestic Violence in Iran: Risk factors


Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Domestic violence is one of the major today’s societies’ problems. WHO (world health organization) has stated that domestic violence is a health-related priority and has called on all countries to come up with plans to identify and address this disaster. Despite the unpleasant consequences of violence, this matter still is not considered serious enough in many countries including Iran. For better understanding the issues, this study was designed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of domestic violence in Iranian families.

Method: 2056 questionnaires were analyzed from 5 provinces for domestic violence (DV). Afterward, we divided provinces into 2 groups for a better understanding of risk factors: group 1 with a lower rate of DV and group 2 with a higher rate of DV. The frequency of domestic violence measured by a questionnaire which was made by the researchers.

Results: lifetime and last year prevalence of domestic violence were 52%. Nearly half of the subjects (47%) reported the presence of DV from their spouse in the day to day life.

Regarding violence against children, 1.3 reported “Yes” with 22% reporting it during the last year. Furthermore, about 10% reported there was violence against elderly. In this study, only 3% of respondents had sought help for violence.

Conclusion: the prevalence of domestic violence is quite high in Iran however its disclosure is very low.

Keywords: domestic violence, risk factor, prevalence