Facebook Addiction among University Students in Lithuania: A Pilot Study


Vilnius University Medical Faculty, Vilnius, Lithuania

Vilnius University Medical Faculty, Vilnius, Lithuania

Vilnius University Medical Faculty, Vilnius, Lithuania


Introduction: With the growing popularity of social networking sites (SNS), concerns have been raised regarding excessive use of social media. Facebook is the most popular SNS in Lithuania. Addictive use of it relates to emotional, relationship, health and studying problems.

Methods: In total, 1309 university students aged 17–31 filled in the questionnaire including Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS) and questions regarding online habits. Participants were divided into 4 groups according to the study field: health studies (N=860), social sciences (N=166), formal sciences (N=121) and arts (N=162).

Results: 32.74 % of the respondents considered themselves addicted to Facebook, even though only 3.76 % were addicted according to their answers on BFAS. 44.13 % of the students claimed to use Facebook too often. Problematic use of SNS was more prevalent among women (p<0.05). There were significant differences in frequency of use, time spent on the site and number of friends between problematic and non-problematic Facebook users. Fields of study might play a role on different online habits: formal science students seem to be less problematic users while social science and art students seem to be more problematic users.

Conclusion: There is a significant amount of students in Lithuania who consider themselves addicted to Facebook, however, today there are no SNS addiction treatment programs in our country. More data on this topic is needed to better understand the associated factors and to explore the potential impact on mental health.