The Role of Problem Drinking and Potential Alcohol Problems in Suicidal Attempts: Lithuanian Data from Pilot Study

ABSTRACT SL11-4

VIRGINIJA ADOMAITIENĖ
Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania

ABSTRACT DESCRIPTION

Introduction: With a suicide rate of 28.2, Lithuania is the most suicidal country in Europe, the fifth most suicidal country in the world. Social, financial problems in Lithuania are considered major causes behind the high rate of suicide. Many studies reported that a lot of  suicide attempts are preceded by acute use of alcohol.

Methods: The study was performed in the Psychiatry department at the University hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences. All individuals after  suicide attempt were invited to participate in the study. The study was supported by Lithuanian Council of Science (No: MIP-047/2015).

Results: Among male suicide attempters problem drinking was significantly more prevalent and increased the risk of suicidal attempt. 

Among married suicide attempters problem drinking was more prevalent.  Loneliness had increased the risk of suicidal attempt for problem drinkers and was stronger suicide risk factor for male problem drinkers. 

Among suicide attempters with lower education problem drinking was more prevalent. Lower education had increased the risk of suicidal attempt for problem drinkers.

Among employed suicide attempters problem drinking was more prevalent. Unemployment had increased the risk of suicidal attempt for problem drinkers. 

Higher prevalence of problem drinking was found among suicide attempters with medium and high income. Increase in income of problem drinkers was increasing the risk of suicidal attempts. 

Problem drinking was more prevalent among suicide attempters living in rural regions. 

Among alcohol intoxicated suicide attempters problem drinking was more prevalent. Among sober suicide attempters problem drinking was less prevalent. Alcohol intoxication had significantly increased the risk of suicidal attempt for problem drinkers at a ratio of 8.75. Acute alcohol intoxication increases the risk of suicidal attempt in male problem drinkers at a ratio of 18.86. 

Conclusions: Increased risk for suicide attempt was found in problem drinking male, single, low educated, unemployed, alcohol intoxicated.