Aida Kunigeliene1, Virginija Adomaitiene1, Mindaugas Buta1
1Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Psychiatric Clinic, Kaunas, Lithuania
Background: Suicide is a big global public health issue. According to the data available to the World Health Organization, about a million people commit suicide each year across the world. According to scientific literature, the number of suicide attempts is 20 to 40 times higher than the number of actual suicides.
Objective: To collect data on psychiatric anamnesis and manifestation of psychiatric disorders in suicide attempt survivors.
Methods: The research was carried out at the Psychiatric Clinic of Kaunas Clinics of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital and the Psychiatric Hospital of the National Kaunas Hospital. The respondents were comprised of patients who survived their suicide attempts and were thus hospitalized at the Psychiatric Clinic of the LUHSH or the Psychiatric Hospital of the NKH. A failed suicide attempt is defined as a conscious action chosen of one’s free will which was performed by a person who was unsure of the fatality of such action in an attempt to do self-harm or take his/her own life and which did not result in the said person’s death.
Results: The study sample was comprised of 101 (42.1%) males and 139 (57.9%) females. According to the determined indicators, over half of the patients (63.8%) have been diagnosed with one mental disorder, around 30% of the respondents have had two disorders and 7.1% have been afflicted with three or more mental illnesses.
Conclusions: The respondents afflicted with schizophrenia and delusional disorders have higher odds to make repeated suicide attempts. The females suffering from organic, including symptomatic, mental disorders have lower odds to repeatedly attempt to commit suicide or to consume alcohol at the time of such actions. Keywords: suicide attempt, mental disorder.